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How Tooth Cleaning Is Done at the Dentist

Tooth cleaning at the dentist, commonly referred to as dental prophylaxis, is a routine procedure aimed at removing plaque, tartar, and stains that have accumulated on the teeth. This process is essential not only for maintaining dental hygiene but also for preventing oral diseases. Here’s a detailed look at how this procedure is typically conducted:

Physical Examination: Most dental cleanings start with a physical examination of the entire mouth. A dental hygienist performs this initial check-up, using a small mirror to inspect the teeth and gums for any signs of gingivitis (inflamed gums) or other potential concerns.


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If major problems are detected, the dentist might be called to ensure it’s safe to proceed.

Removing Plaque and Tartar: Using the small mirror as a guide, the hygienist uses a scaler to remove plaque and tartar around the gum line, as well as in between the teeth. You’ll hear scraping, but this is normal. The more tartar there is in your mouth, the more time they’ll need to scrape a particular spot.

Gritty Toothpaste Cleaning: After your teeth are completely tartar-free, the hygienist brushes them with a high-powered electric brush. This makes a grinding noise and is an effective way to deep clean the teeth while using a gritty toothpaste that scrubs the teeth gently.

Expert Flossing: Whether you floss regularly at home or not, nothing beats an expert flossing session. Your dental hygienist can get deep between your teeth and locate any potential trouble spots where you might bleed at the gums.

Rinsing: Next, you rinse out your mouth to get rid of any debris. The rinse usually contains fluoride to help protect your teeth.

Fluoride Treatment: The last step is a fluoride treatment. This treatment is used as a protectant for your teeth to help fight against cavities for several months.

These steps not only keep your teeth clean but also give your dentist a chance to spot problems early and help maintain your overall oral health. Regular cleanings and check-ups are recommended every six months.

Watch the video above to learn more about tooth cleaning!

Removing Plaque and Tartar

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